Titles and functions
Anchormen and anchorwomen
- Copy editors perform quality control for publications. They polish the writing and correct errors in grammar, spelling and punctuation, along with larger problems such as with fairness, taste and accuracy. Copy editors also write headlines.
- Essentially, editors improve others' work. There are three main types: copy editors (see above) and section editors and top editors (see below for both).
- Graphic artists produce infographics, such as charts and graphs.
- News designers are responsible for the appearance of the newspaper.
- Photojournalists shoot photographs and gather information for captions, called cutlines in newspaper jargon.
- Reporters research and verify information and present it to the audience. They may interview people, attend meetings or other events, consult public records and other publications.
- Section editors and their assistant editors typically supervise a group of newspaper reporters, such as for metro, sports, business or features. Collectively, they may also be called "assigning editors" or "line editors".
- The phrase "top editor" is just a convention of this page, to distinguish these editors from others. These editors are the most senior at a publication. Their title may be just "editor", "editor-in-chief" or "executive editor". The are assisted by a "managing editor".
- Television camera operator.
Most contemporary journalists have a college degree, often in journalism or communications. The liberal arts is also a good background. Specialties such as business and science are also helpful.
Many employers give more credence to relevant experience than to grades in school. Aspiring journalists are encouraged to work on the school newspaper and in internships.