Editing is the supervision or management of journalists or improvement of their work.
The top editor of a publication sometimes has the title of editor-in-chief or executive editor.
Types of Newspaper Editors
Newspaper editing encompasses a variety of titles and functions. These include:
- assistant or deputy managing editors;
- copy editors (see below);
- managing editors (the managing editor is next in line after the editor);
- news editors, who oversee the news copy desk;
- photo or picture editors, who choose and crop photos and may also supervise photojournalists;
- section editors and their assistants, such as for business, features, metro and sports (collectively, they are also called assigning editors or line editors);
- slots, or slot editors, who check copy editors' work;
- wire editors, copy editors who choose and edit articles from wire services;
- and administrative editors (who actually don't edit but perform duties such as recruiting and directing training).
Copy editors perform quality control for publications. Within the industry, they are known as "the last line of defense."
They correct mechanical errors, such as with grammar, spelling and punctuation, and otherwise polish the writing. They also try to prevent more serious problems, such as with accuracy, clarity, fairness, logic and taste.
Copy editors also write headlines and captions, known as "cutlines" in the industry.
In the late 20th century, copy editors at many publications were given more production work because of the advent of pagination. This has expanded with the Internet.
Most copy editors work nights, weekends and holidays.
- Canada -- Editors' Association of Canada
- Copy editors -- American Copy Editors Society
- Features -- American Association of Sunday and Feature Editors
- Freelance -- Editorial Freelancers Association, based in the USA
- Trade publications -- American Society of Business Publication Editors
- Magazines -- American Society of Magazine Editors
- Managing editors -- Associated Press Managing Editors
- Newspapers -- American Society of Newspaper Editors, mainly for top editors at daily newspapers
- Sports -- Associated Press Sports Editors
- Opinion -- Association of Opinion Page Editors
- Weeklies -- International Society of Weekly Newspaper Editors
- World -- World Editors Forum
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